International Cases Studies of Smart Cities-Anyang, Republic of Korea
Anyang, a 600 000 population city near Seoul is developing international recognition on its smart city project that has been implemented incrementally since 2003. This initiative began with the Bus Information System to enhance citizen's convenience at first, and has been expanding its domain into wider Intelligent Transport System as well as crime and disaster prevention in an integrated manner. Anyang is evaluated as a benchmark for smart city with a 2012 Presidential Award in Korea and receives large number of international visits. Anyang's Integrated Operation and Control Center (IOCC) acts as the platform that gathers, analyzes and distributes information for mobility, disasters management and crime. Anyang is currently utilizing big data for policy development and is continuing its endeavor to expand its smart city services into areas such as waster and air quality management. Anyang's success factors are the government officials continuous willingness towards services development and the establishment of cooperation system among the smart city-related organizations.
Anyang was experiencing high traffic congestion and decided to implement a Bus Information System in 2003. Additionally, a tragic incident involving the kidnapping and the killing of two girls in 2007 led to the implementation of a criminal prevention system.
Bus Information Systems, Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS)
The City of Anyang deployed Bus information systems, Intelligent Transport System, Crime prevention system and disaster prevention systems.
With this smart city system in the city’s dedicated smart city center called ‘ubiquitous integrated center’, Anyang city has been providing useful information to citizens such as real-time bus arrival information, traffic congestion and optimum route information as well as maintaining the smooth traffic flow within the city through adaptive signal control. The city has also been experiencing approximately 20% decrease in crime rate per year since the installation of over 3,500 CCTVs and
cutting-edge monitoring system, and until now there has been more than 1,300 criminal incidents that got resolved through this system. The implementation cost of such smart city system was total approximately USD 33,000,000 which is practically equivalent to the cost of constructing 1~2km of road. The case of Anyang is a good demonstration of how information communication technology (ICT) can bring large benefits to the sector of public administration with relatively low cost. Anyang
city’s current focus is to effectively utilize the big data such as criminal incidents information, CCTV installation locations, education facility locations and resident information database to identify crime prone areas and set special strategies for these areas.