Moscow Smart Mobility
The Smart City Lab is a government entity of the municipality of Moscow that was formally created in August 2016 with the main goal of searching for innovations and applying new disruptive technologies that will make the city better.
They are employing IoT, big data, machine learning, augmented reality, virtual reality and other advanced technologies in their education, healthcare, transportation, and safety projects. Smart City Lab acts as a focus point that coordinates all technology activities and ensures proper synergies.
In the wider scope of the smart city initiatives, the smart mobility system has proven its value over the last years.
Renovated public transport in Moscow has turned into a new convenient way to travel around the city and completely changed the traffic model. Nowadays the citizens complete around 19 million trips daily, and more than 350,000 drivers have switched to public transport. Big Data contributes to planning public transport routes efficiently, using data from CCTV cameras and GPS, and analysing the traffic and people flows. Based on these data, the government of Moscow decided to introduce new transport routes.
The city has also launched the Smart Traffic Management System for monitoring and managing road traffic and public transport in the most efficient way. The system collects data from mobile operators, analyses the traffic and people flows, uses data from GPS and speed sensors to plan routes and control speed of public transport, and employs smart traffic lights. This data allows planning the reconstruction of roads, organising parking properly, and planning public transport routes in a more efficient way.
In Moscow of today, the sharing economy has turned into one of the key trends, and the mobility sector is not different. Citizens are active users of car sharing services, and the system currently includes 3,578 vehicles. It became no. 1 in Europe by number of rides per car (6-8 rides) and no. 1 worldwide by dynamic of deployment. Besides, the city’s authorities have launched the largest bike rental network in Europe, in cooperation with private companies. It includes 3,620 city bikes, 380 rental stations, and 210 km of bike paths built since 2010. In 2017, 2.3 million bike rides have been registered.
Government leaflet from the Smart City Expo World Congress Barcelona 2017 on Smart Mobility.
Interview with Eldar Tuzmukhametov, Head of the Smart City Lab of Moscow, at the Smart City Expo World Congress Barcelona 2017.
Improved Intelligent Transport Systems.
Description of the specific objectives:
- Reduce traffic in the city centre by improving the public transport system;
- Address pollution issues and implement alternatives;
- Prevent traffic jams;
- Enhance transport efficiency.
Smart City Lab; Department of Transport and Road Infrastructure Development of Moscow.
- Ensure the environmental sustainability of the traffic management system and policies;
- Provide incentives to the citizens so that they adhere to the initiatives and principles more easily.
IoT; Big Data; CCTV cameras; GPS; smart traffic lights; Public Transport Solutions; Smart Traffic Management; Shared Mobility.
The Smart City Lab is implementing some traffic reduction solutions to address the issue of pollution and traffic jams. They reduced the number of private cars, increased the number of public cars, and implemented more zones with payed parking, but at the same time they are also investing in new buses, trains, and stations. The Big Data is being analysed and the citizens have been asked which new roads they need, and if they need more itineraries, to make the public transport system more comfortable for them.
Smart City Lab also promotes a car sharing platform with different applications, and anyone can register. A person can buy up to five cars, come to Moscow, get a license, develop a mobile application and start doing business in the car sharing market. The only conditions are that rules must be abided (same rules as for taxi drivers) and the cars must be in good condition, avoiding damages to the users. The owners of these cars benefit from free parking in the centre of the city, private cars do not have the same privilege. These are the incentives for starting car sharing businesses and, at the same time, reducing the use of private cars.
- 662 modern bus stops with free Wi-Fi and USB charging stations;
- 366 new ground transport routes launched since 2010;
- 350,000 drivers have switched to public transport.
Smart Traffic Management:
- 23% decrease in traffic since 2012;
- 1934 cameras monitoring the traffic situation;
- 100% of the city territory is covered by the Smart Traffic System.
- 210 km of bicycle lanes built since 2010
- 4.7 million car-sharing rides by 1 million registered users in the system;
- 47,000 taxis in Moscow with 5-7 minutes as average arrival time.