Songdo, as part of Incheon Free Economic Zone, is an iconic new smart city of Korea that hosts international business events and attract IT, bio-tech and R&D facilities. Its smart city initiative began in 2008 and is still ongoing with the aim for completion by 2017.
The freeway traffic management system (FTMS) of Seoul’s urban expressway was first designed by the Seoul Development Institute (currently known as Seoul Institute) in the mid-1990s, and implemented in the 18 km leg of Olympic Expressway in July 1997. After six-month operation as pilot project, the FTMS was used in earnest since February 1998.
In 2009, the Korean Government started a smart grid demonstration project on Jeju Island, which will serve as a test-bed to assess the viability of the smart grid technology and foster its development in the future.
The Kitakyushu Smart Community Project was developed in the Higashida district from 2010 to 2014 (5 years), comprising 26 projects and a budget of JPY 12 billion, with the aim of developing a more sustainable and low-carbon society. This Town Development project was developed around 5 concepts:
The neighbourhood of Comuna 13, located on the periphery of Medellin, is one of the poorest in the city. Crime and gang wars gained the upper hand, and Comuna 13 became known as the most violent neighbourhood in the city of Medellin. For several years, approximately 12.000 dwellers of Comuna 13 used to climb hundreds of steps to get from the city centre to their homes.
The neighbourhood of Ijburg is the youngest district of Amsterdam. Only in the late 90’s the decision was taken to start building this neighbourhood. Ijburg has been developed with houses that are suitable for families, which means that the overall population is very young. Ijburg also has young and modern infrastructures, for instance, dwellers have access to the fastest public fibre optic broadband Internet in the world.
The Living Lab Scheveningen started as an R&D assignment of the Municipality of The Hague to the market. Companies were challenged to build a large-scale infrastructure and network where they could test and develop several business solutions. It is a public-private partnership where the city of The Hague is responsible for the policy-making and for involving the citizens in the process.
Barcelona’s Smart City Strategy has a holistic view of the city, comprising several projects that resort to technology as a transversal tool to manage the city’s resources and services in a more efficient way. The final goal is to achieve a sustainable social, economic and urban development, thereby improving the quality of life of its citizens.
The project for Masdar City was launched in 2008 with the aim of developing the most sustainable eco-city in the world. Situated in a strategic location, it is only 20 minutes away from downtown Abu Dhabi, and 40 minutes from Dubai.
Lamu, a small city in Kenya, had been experiencing a severe lack of health experts and the public healthcare system was inefficient and low quality. Citizens often had to travel long distances (a time consuming and expensive process) to get proper care, which led to frequent delays in diagnosis and treatment and, consequently, citizens’ health condition worsened.
Model City Mannheim (MoMa) was a pioneering project in Germany, carried out from 2008 to 2013, that was created in the scope of the country’s E-Energy funding programme. It connects every household in the city to a smart energy network (a smart power grid) that maximises renewable energy use.
The city of Maputo faced many health and safety problems related with insufficient and poorly managed waste collection. These issues have been properly addressed with the introduction of MOPA – Monitoria Participativa in 2016. MOPA is a web-based platform for participatory monitoring of the delivery of public urban services, namely waste management issues, in the city of Maputo.
The capital of Russia has been increasingly recognised at international level for its smart city efforts. Besides the free and extensive Wi-Fi network that citizens can access in the public transportation system or using one of the 1,100 public hotspots throughout the city, 99% of Moscow’s territory is covered by 4G and smartphone penetration rate is 65%.
The Smart City Lab is a government entity of the municipality of Moscow that was formally created in August 2016 with the main goal of searching for innovations and applying new disruptive technologies that will make the city better.
The night bus, or so-called ‘Owl Bus’, was first enforced in 2013. It provides bus services at night time, as needed by the citizens, at affordable prices by designing routes using big data. Already having an interest in the use of big data, Seoul city analyzed data obtained by the Dasan Call Center, which demonstrated that citizens had considerable interest in the traffic field.
New York city is the biggest and most populous city of the United States, with a large and complex governance system. It counts with more than 350,000 employees and more than 120 agencies, offices and organizations that offer public services. In total, approximately 40,000 services are provided to 8.4 million dwellers.
“Development is not an end in itself (…). Sustainable development shouldn’t stop at the concept of wealth and building the economy, it should go beyond that to accomplish human progress and to find the citizen who is capable to contribute greatly and consciously in constructing the country” (His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said).
The integration of modal fares between public transportation means and services within public transportation means was initiated in 2004 as part of the series of reform of the public transportation system in Seoul.