Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Abu Dhabi is the federal capital of the United Arab Emirates and the largest of the seven emirates. The Emirate lies on the borders with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the Sultanate of Oman and the Arabian Gulf. The emirate comprises 200 islands and has 700 kilometres coastline. Abu Dhabi is the capital and the second most populous city of the United Arab Emirates (the most populous being Dubai), and also capital of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, The city proper had a population of 1.5 million in 2014.
Abu Dhabi houses federal government offices, is the seat of the United Arab Emirates Government, home to the Abu Dhabi Emiri Family and the President of the UAE, who is from this family. Abu Dhabi's rapid development and urbanisation, coupled with the relatively high average income of its population, has transformed the city into a large and advanced metropolis. Today the city is the country's centre of political and industrial activities, and a major cultural and commercial centre, due to its position as the capital.
The economy of Abu Dhabi is largely based upon the revenue generated from natural resources. Petroleum and natural gas play a vital role, although some other sectors are also emerging in order to support the city’s economy due to the global depreciation of fossil fuels. To boost the tourism industry, hotels, entertainment facilities, art centres and shopping malls have been constructed all over Abu Dhabi.