Bandung is the capital of West Java province in Indonesia and Greater Bandung. Population is 2,575,478 and is part of Indonesia's 3rd largest metropolitan area with 8,201,928 inhabitants. Located 768 metres (2,520 feet) above sea level, approximately 140 kilometres (87 miles) south east of Jakarta, Bandung has cooler year-round temperatures than most other Indonesian cities.
Natural resources have been heavily exploited, particularly by conversion of protected upland area into highland villas and real estate and, although the city has encountered many problems (ranging from waste disposal and floods to a complicated traffic system and lack of road infrastructure), Bandung still attracts large numbers of tourists, weekend sightseers and migrants from other parts of Indonesia. The city has also become known as a Smart City, leveraging technology to improve government services, including social media, that alert the authorities to issues such as floods or traffic jams.
The Bandung economy is mainly built upon tourism, business, creative industry, hi-tech and manufacturing industries, educational institutions, technology, retail services, financial services, pharmaceutical companies, and food production.