Salem is a city in Salem district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Salem is a major textile centre in Tamil Nadu, with more than 125 spinning mills, weaving units and garment units. Until the 1960s, it had less few spinning mills. Private handloom weaving began to increase in the region after the 1960s and during the 1980s, the textile industry expanded with major spinning mills and dying units established supporting the industry. The area also houses a number of sago factories for the production starch. The Salem region is rich in mineral ores, with some of the largest magnesite and bauxite deposits in India. Public and private magnesite factories include Burn Standard and Company, Dalmia Magnesites and Tata Refractories. There are several Steel Plants as well. The Leigh Bazaar is the region's largest market for agricultural products.
Salem Airport is located on the Salem-Bangalore Highway (NH 7) in Kaamalapuram about 15 kilometres from the city.
Salem Junction is located in Suramangalam, 5 kilometres west of the city