Salerno is a city and commune in Campania (southwestern Italy) and is the capital of the province of Salerno. It is located on the Gulf of Salerno on the Tyrrhenian Sea. It has a population of 133,199 (2014).
The city is divided into three distinct zones: the medieval sector, the 19th century sector and the more densely populated post-war area, with its several apartment blocks.
The economy of Salerno is mainly based on services and tourism, as most of the city's manufacturing base did not survive the economic crisis of the 1970s. The remaining ones are connected to pottery and food production and treatment.
The Port of Salerno is one of the most active of the Tyrrhenian Sea.