Official name
Northern Europe
ISO 3166-1


Cork is a university city in southwest Ireland, in the province of Munster, which had a population of 125,622 in 2016. The city is situated on the River Lee, which splits into two channels at the western end and divides the city centre into islands. Population in the larger metropolitan area was about 400,000 in the 2011 census.

Cork City is a hub of industry in the province. Several pharmaceutical companies have significant operations in the area, including Pfizer Inc., Johnson & Johnson and Swiss company Novartis.

The GrowSmarter “lighthouse” programme was launched in January 2015 and it will be developed until December 2019. GrowSmarter received €25 million funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme.

Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown County installed 401 Big Belly Bins for smart waste management. All containers are equipped with a solar power compactor (a solar panel powering a 12V battery that powers an internal waste compactor) and Wi-Fi to send a notification to the waste collection service providers when the waste sensors detect they are full.

Dublin is the capital of and largest city in Ireland. The city has an urban area population of 1,173,179. The population of the Dublin Region, as of 2016, was 1,347,359 people, and the population of the Greater Dublin area was 1,904,806.

Climate change is rapidly becoming the biggest challenge that cities all over the world are facing. Carbon emissions need to be reduced and every official institution in the world has its own Climate Action Plan to achieve similar targets.