Official name
Kingdom of Sweden
Northern Europe
ISO 3166-1


Gothenburg is the second-largest city in Sweden and the fifth largest in the Nordic countries. It is situated by Kattegat, on the west coast of Sweden, and has a population of approximately 580,000 in the urban area and about 1 million inhabitants in the metropolitan area.

Gothenburg is a modern industrial, commercial and event city with a good business climate and is home to many students, as the city includes the University of Gothenburg and Chalmers University of Technology.

The Celsius project was created to achieve the vision of an intelligent, competitive and liveable city, which is also resource-efficient with smart heating and cooling. The project received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration.

The GrowSmarter “lighthouse” programme was launched in January 2015 and it will be developed until December 2019. GrowSmarter received €25 million funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme.

Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries 949,761 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.

Stockholm is the cultural, media, political, and economic centre of Sweden. The Stockholm region alone accounts for over a third of the country's GDP.

The City of Stockholm has a target: to become fossil fuel free by 2040. Among several initiatives in their action plan, they have found a creative way to recycle wasted energy and convert it into a reusable source of energy.