Case studies relevant for smart solution: Video crime monitoring

Bandung Command Centre is the city’s flagship project for achieving its smart city vision. It was launched in January 2015 and consists of a digital monitoring facility that collects street-level data in a variety of sectors (traffic monitoring and accidents, safety issues and emergency response, floods and natural disasters, and crime), with the intent of improving the city’s management and governance.

In 2009, the first Operations Control Center (CCO) for Goiania Metropolitan Area’s public transportation network (RMTC) was implemented. The CCO was part of the obligations assumed by the concessionaires of the service. The CCO has three pillars: advanced technologies, innovative operating procedures, and qualified people.

The Integrated Centre for Intelligence, Command and Control (CIICC) was created by the State of Goias government to improve the quality of the service provided to the citizens. It aims to reduce crime rates with both preventive and quick response actions.

CIICC includes a call centre for emergencies, video surveillance, monitoring of prisoners through electronic anklets, intelligence service, and statistical data production.

The city of Guadalajara, the capital city of the State of Jalisco, is home to approximately 40% of the information and communication technologies (ICT) industry of Mexico, as a result of pioneering and long term industrial, scientific and technological policies that began in the 1970s.

Cyberjaya is Malaysia’s flagship cybercity promoted in commercial leaflets as “one of the world’s leading smart cities” and as a “test bed” for the integration of ICTs into everyday life. It was created from scratch to be a smart city model for Malaysia. The project to build the city (the Multimedia Super Corridor Project) was launched by the Malaysian Government in 1996 with the goal of advancing the country’s innovation and knowledge-based economy. The cumulative investment in infrastructures and buildings in the city, until the year 2014, was $4.7 (RM17) billions.

The Technology Strategy Board launched the Future Cities competition in 2013 and Glasgow won a £24 million UK government grant to implement a comprehensive IT infrastructure with the aim of improving the quality of life of its citizens.

Anyang, a 600 000 population city near Seoul is developing international recognition on its smart city project that has been implemented incrementally since 2003. This initiative began with the Bus Information System to enhance citizen's convenience at first, and has been expanding its domain into wider Intelligent Transport System as well as crime and disaster prevention in an integrated manner. Anyang is evaluated as a benchmark for smart city with a 2012 Presidential Award in Korea and receives large number of international visits.

Songdo, as part of Incheon Free Economic Zone, is an iconic new smart city of Korea that hosts international business events and attract IT, bio-tech and R&D facilities. Its smart city initiative began in 2008 and is still ongoing with the aim for completion by 2017. The project is largely divided into six sectors including transport, security, disaster, environment and citizen interaction while other services related to home, business, education, health and care are also being developed.

Goiania, the capital of the State of Goias, is the sixth-largest city in Brazil by area and the tenth most populous municipality, with a population of approximately 1.5 million (Census 2018). Located in the central part of the state and the country, it is the 13th most populous metropolitan region in Brazil, with over 2.5 million inhabitants. It was planned and built to be the political and administrative capital of the State of Goias.

The Living Lab Scheveningen started as an R&D assignment of the Municipality of The Hague to the market. Companies were challenged to build a large-scale infrastructure and network where they could test and develop several business solutions. It is a public-private partnership where the city of The Hague is responsible for the policy-making and for involving the citizens in the process.

The city of Montego Bay, in Jamaica, is growing rapidly and therefore it is facing a series of challenges, such as traffic congestions, high crime rates and occurrence of natural disasters.

The capital of Russia has been increasingly recognised at international level for its smart city efforts. Besides the free and extensive Wi-Fi network that citizens can access in the public transportation system or using one of the 1,100 public hotspots throughout the city, 99% of Moscow’s territory is covered by 4G and smartphone penetration rate is 65%.

PON Metro is the National Operational Programme for Metropolitan Cities in Italy that aims to address in a coordinated way all the territorial and organisational challenges faced in local contexts. There are 14 metropolitan cities involved in this programme: Turin, Genoa, Milan, Bologna, Venice, Florence, Rome, Bari, Naples, Reggio Calabria, Cagliari, Catania, Messina, and Palermo.

The city of Rio de Janeiro is regularly hit by natural disasters caused by bad weather conditions such as torrential rains, floods, and landslides. In the “favelas”, the poor and steep neighbourhoods of the city, this can often lead to a deadly outcome. That is why the government of the city and IBM signed an agreement in 2010 to build Rio de Janeiro’s Operations Centre, a holistic and integrated approach to municipal management in large urban settlements.

The city of Taipei has a Smart City Project Management Office (PMO) that is responsible for the implementation of smart solutions to address some of the city’s main problems.