Case studies relevant for smart solution: Water quality monitoring

Blue Gate Antwerp is being developed to be a water-linked eco-effective industrial business park, with the aim of generating around 1,500 to 2,000 jobs in the initial phase. While sustainability is the key word in the Blue Gate Antwerp project, eco-effectiveness is the guiding principle. That means closing cycles: no waste and maximum reuse of water, materials and energy. New and innovative concepts in that field will provide a unique location for green companies.

The city of Guadalajara, the capital city of the State of Jalisco, is home to approximately 40% of the information and communication technologies (ICT) industry of Mexico, as a result of pioneering and long term industrial, scientific and technological policies that began in the 1970s.

In 2009, the Climate Plan for Copenhagen was approved and adopted by the City Council to achieve a 20% reduction in CO2 emissions by 2015 (target already met in 2011) and to state the vision of becoming carbon neutral by 2025. In 2012, the final CPH 2025 Climate Plan was closed with specific guidelines towards carbon neutrality.

Cyberjaya is Malaysia’s flagship cybercity promoted in commercial leaflets as “one of the world’s leading smart cities” and as a “test bed” for the integration of ICTs into everyday life. It was created from scratch to be a smart city model for Malaysia. The project to build the city (the Multimedia Super Corridor Project) was launched by the Malaysian Government in 1996 with the goal of advancing the country’s innovation and knowledge-based economy. The cumulative investment in infrastructures and buildings in the city, until the year 2014, was $4.7 (RM17) billions.

The City of Aarhus has the ambitious goal of becoming a carbon neutral society by 2030. As Denmark’s second largest city and one of the fastest growing economies of the country, Aarhus has challenged itself to comprehensively address the issue of climate change, relying on its citizens and corporate partners to turn its vision into reality.

“Development is not an end in itself (…). Sustainable development shouldn’t stop at the concept of wealth and building the economy, it should go beyond that to accomplish human progress and to find the citizen who is capable to contribute greatly and consciously in constructing the country” (His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said).

The Rotterdam Climate Change Adaptation Strategy is being developed in the scope of the Rotterdam Climate Initiative, which aims at reducing carbon emissions by 50% and making the city 100% climate proof by 2025. Being a city located in the Dutch delta, Rotterdam has the responsibility of tackling the increasing challenges related to climate change, improving the air quality, and limiting noise pollution to ensure a sustainable future for its citizens.

Singapore aims to become a Smart Nation, based on digital technology that improves the quality of life of its inhabitants, addressing a wide range of societal challenges. “Smart Nation is about creating new opportunities in a digital age, and transforming the way people live, work and play, so that Singapore remains an outstanding global city.”

Tianjin Eco-City is an eco-city joint project between the Tianjin Eco-City Investment and Development Co., Ltd. (SSTEC) and the Chinese and Singapore governments. The vision of the project is underpinned by three harmonies and three abilities. The harmonies address the social, economy, and environment aspects. The abilities address affordability, replicability and scalability.

Hong Kong's population was 7,241,700 million people in 2014. The population density in 2013 was 6,650 people/km2. Hong Kong has an excellent ICT infrastructure supporting the delivery of secure e-services and the development of the local ICT industry. With the market liberalization, the infrastructure provides Internet access at an affordable price. The household broadband penetration rate is 85% and the mobile penetration rate is 231%.