Case studies relevant for smart solution: Renewable sources of energy

The city of Cixi, in the Chinese province of Zhejiang, is home to a 200 MW solar-aquaculture project. Spreading across 300 hectares, this is the largest solar power plant installed on top of a fish farm in the country.

The Finnish 6City Strategy focuses on achieving a sustainable urban development, and it is carried out by the six largest cities in Finland: Helsinki, Espoo, Vantaa, Tampere, Turku, and Oulu. The strategy is part of the implementation of Finland’s Structural Fund Programme for Sustainable Growth and Jobs 2014–2020.

Big Smart Istanbul is the project of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality (IMM) and ISBAK to conceptualize and implement their smart city vision. Started in May 2016, the project will start the implementation phase of the roadmap in 2018 within a five-year timeline, but some projects were already launched.

The City of Fremantle has received more than $8 million for a trial project that focuses on using Blockchain to power renewable solar energy and water systems. Part of the funding ($2.57 million) comes from the Australian Government’s Smart Cities and Suburbs Programme, while the rest is private funding coming from several of the project partners.

Blue Gate Antwerp is being developed to be a water-linked eco-effective industrial business park, with the aim of generating around 1,500 to 2,000 jobs in the initial phase. While sustainability is the key word in the Blue Gate Antwerp project, eco-effectiveness is the guiding principle. That means closing cycles: no waste and maximum reuse of water, materials and energy. New and innovative concepts in that field will provide a unique location for green companies.

The Celsius project was created to achieve the vision of an intelligent, competitive and liveable city, which is also resource-efficient with smart heating and cooling. The project received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration.

City Lab Coventry is a living lab (member of the European Network of Living Labs – ENoLL) that resulted from the joint venture between Coventry University and Coventry City Council.

The city of Guadalajara, the capital city of the State of Jalisco, is home to approximately 40% of the information and communication technologies (ICT) industry of Mexico, as a result of pioneering and long term industrial, scientific and technological policies that began in the 1970s.

Corridor Manchester is an innovation district supported by a strong public-private partnership formed in 2007, with a strategic vision and £2.8 billion to be invested in capital builds, infrastructure, and public realm improvements until 2025. It is located south of Manchester city centre (Oxford Road) and comprises several knowledge-intensive organisations and companies, with more than 70,000 students and 60,000 workers.

In 2009, the Climate Plan for Copenhagen was approved and adopted by the City Council to achieve a 20% reduction in CO2 emissions by 2015 (target already met in 2011) and to state the vision of becoming carbon neutral by 2025. In 2012, the final CPH 2025 Climate Plan was closed with specific guidelines towards carbon neutrality.

Cyberjaya is Malaysia’s flagship cybercity promoted in commercial leaflets as “one of the world’s leading smart cities” and as a “test bed” for the integration of ICTs into everyday life. It was created from scratch to be a smart city model for Malaysia. The project to build the city (the Multimedia Super Corridor Project) was launched by the Malaysian Government in 1996 with the goal of advancing the country’s innovation and knowledge-based economy. The cumulative investment in infrastructures and buildings in the city, until the year 2014, was $4.7 (RM17) billions.

The Technology Strategy Board launched the Future Cities competition in 2013 and Glasgow won a £24 million UK government grant to implement a comprehensive IT infrastructure with the aim of improving the quality of life of its citizens.

Miskolc is a city well-known for its heavy industry and, consequently, the quality of the air is low (smog is a serious issue in the city) and CO2 emissions are high. Having the second largest district heating system in Hungary, the municipality needs to improve its energy management and become more environmentally-friendly.

Ghent is a Belgian metropolitan city with a surface of 15,643 ha, 60,000 inhabitants in its metropolitan area and 258,119 inhabitants in Ghent itself. People from 161 different nationalities are spread over 25 neighbourhoods sharing their diverse cultural experiences and backgrounds. It is the largest student city in the region of Flanders, with about 75,000 students. Current unemployment rate is at about 9.2%.

The City of Aarhus has the ambitious goal of becoming a carbon neutral society by 2030. As Denmark’s second largest city and one of the fastest growing economies of the country, Aarhus has challenged itself to comprehensively address the issue of climate change, relying on its citizens and corporate partners to turn its vision into reality.

In 2009, the Korean Government started a smart grid demonstration project on Jeju Island, which will serve as a test-bed to assess the viability of the smart grid technology and foster its development in the future. Smart grids are electricity grids that use ICT to connect the power plant to the supply grid and to the households that consume the electricity, achieving a more efficient and reliable power supply, while also effectively dealing with the wind and solar power fluctuations.

The project for Masdar City was launched in 2008 with the aim of developing the most sustainable eco-city in the world. Situated in a strategic location, it is only 20 minutes away from downtown Abu Dhabi, and 40 minutes from Dubai.

Model City Mannheim (MoMa) was a pioneering project in Germany, carried out from 2008 to 2013, that was created in the scope of the country’s E-Energy funding programme. It connects every household in the city to a smart energy network (a smart power grid) that maximises renewable energy use.

“Development is not an end in itself (…). Sustainable development shouldn’t stop at the concept of wealth and building the economy, it should go beyond that to accomplish human progress and to find the citizen who is capable to contribute greatly and consciously in constructing the country” (His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said).

PON Metro is the National Operational Programme for Metropolitan Cities in Italy that aims to address in a coordinated way all the territorial and organisational challenges faced in local contexts. There are 14 metropolitan cities involved in this programme: Turin, Genoa, Milan, Bologna, Venice, Florence, Rome, Bari, Naples, Reggio Calabria, Cagliari, Catania, Messina, and Palermo.