Case studies relevant for smart solution: Energy efficient & green buildings

The Finnish 6City Strategy focuses on achieving a sustainable urban development, and it is carried out by the six largest cities in Finland: Helsinki, Espoo, Vantaa, Tampere, Turku, and Oulu. The strategy is part of the implementation of Finland’s Structural Fund Programme for Sustainable Growth and Jobs 2014–2020.

Seattle is a port city in the state of Washington, USA. It is the most populous and most densely populated city in that state, with a population of approximately 650.000 people. Seattle is frequently referred as one of the smartest cities in the country. It is very well ranked in the smart economy and smart government domains. The city is also recognized for promoting sustainable development, fostering start-ups, and attracting entrepreneurial talent.

Circular Amsterdam is a circular innovation programme that presents a framework of innovation processes in the City of Amsterdam. The goal of this program is to increase knowledge in circular economy and experience the transition from a linear to a circular economy. The whole process is supported by the City Council in terms of control and policy.

City Lab Coventry is a living lab (member of the European Network of Living Labs – ENoLL) that resulted from the joint venture between Coventry University and Coventry City Council.

The city of Guadalajara, the capital city of the State of Jalisco, is home to approximately 40% of the information and communication technologies (ICT) industry of Mexico, as a result of pioneering and long term industrial, scientific and technological policies that began in the 1970s.

In 2011, the Ministry of Environment (MINAM) and the Ministry of Education (MINEDU) of Peru carried out the Project Ecolegios Sustainable Architecture, to assess the relation between academic performance and room temperature in Peruvian schools countrywide. The study concluded that ideal results are reached at 23 ºC. But the reality of Peru’s national schools is very far from that: 32 ºC in average, which limits performance by about 40%.

Cyberjaya is Malaysia’s flagship cybercity promoted in commercial leaflets as “one of the world’s leading smart cities” and as a “test bed” for the integration of ICTs into everyday life. It was created from scratch to be a smart city model for Malaysia. The project to build the city (the Multimedia Super Corridor Project) was launched by the Malaysian Government in 1996 with the goal of advancing the country’s innovation and knowledge-based economy. The cumulative investment in infrastructures and buildings in the city, until the year 2014, was $4.7 (RM17) billions.

Ghent is a Belgian metropolitan city with a surface of 15,643 ha, 60,000 inhabitants in its metropolitan area and 258,119 inhabitants in Ghent itself. People from 161 different nationalities are spread over 25 neighbourhoods sharing their diverse cultural experiences and backgrounds. It is the largest student city in the region of Flanders, with about 75,000 students. Current unemployment rate is at about 9.2%.

The City of Aarhus has the ambitious goal of becoming a carbon neutral society by 2030. As Denmark’s second largest city and one of the fastest growing economies of the country, Aarhus has challenged itself to comprehensively address the issue of climate change, relying on its citizens and corporate partners to turn its vision into reality.

The GrowSmarter “lighthouse” programme was launched in January 2015 and it will be developed until December 2019. GrowSmarter received €25 million funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme. Its approach is focused on demonstrating, disseminating, and replicating innovative integrated urban solutions and a framework to co-create future smart cities through international cooperation.

Songdo, as part of Incheon Free Economic Zone, is an iconic new smart city of Korea that hosts international business events and attract IT, bio-tech and R&D facilities. Its smart city initiative began in 2008 and is still ongoing with the aim for completion by 2017. The project is largely divided into six sectors including transport, security, disaster, environment and citizen interaction while other services related to home, business, education, health and care are also being developed.

The Kitakyushu Smart Community Project was developed in the Higashida district from 2010 to 2014 (5 years), comprising 26 projects and a budget of JPY 12 billion, with the aim of developing a more sustainable and low-carbon society. This Town Development project was developed around 5 concepts:

The neighbourhood of Ijburg is the youngest district of Amsterdam. Only in the late 90’s the decision was taken to start building this neighbourhood. Ijburg has been developed with houses that are suitable for families, which means that the overall population is very young. Ijburg also has young and modern infrastructures, for instance, dwellers have access to the fastest public fibre optic broadband Internet in the world.

The project for Masdar City was launched in 2008 with the aim of developing the most sustainable eco-city in the world. Situated in a strategic location, it is only 20 minutes away from downtown Abu Dhabi, and 40 minutes from Dubai.

PON Metro is the National Operational Programme for Metropolitan Cities in Italy that aims to address in a coordinated way all the territorial and organisational challenges faced in local contexts. There are 14 metropolitan cities involved in this programme: Turin, Genoa, Milan, Bologna, Venice, Florence, Rome, Bari, Naples, Reggio Calabria, Cagliari, Catania, Messina, and Palermo.

Climate change is rapidly becoming the biggest challenge that cities all over the world are facing. Carbon emissions need to be reduced and every official institution in the world has its own Climate Action Plan to achieve similar targets.

The Rotterdam Climate Change Adaptation Strategy is being developed in the scope of the Rotterdam Climate Initiative, which aims at reducing carbon emissions by 50% and making the city 100% climate proof by 2025. Being a city located in the Dutch delta, Rotterdam has the responsibility of tackling the increasing challenges related to climate change, improving the air quality, and limiting noise pollution to ensure a sustainable future for its citizens.

The Sharing Cities “lighthouse” programme was launched in 2016 and it will be developed over the course of 60 months. Sharing Cities received over €24 million from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme. Its approach is focused on international cooperation between cities as a means to build smart cities together, scaling up common solutions to shared problems.

The 150,000 m2 Lilacs International Commerce Centre, located in Shanghai, has an integrated total building management system from Siemens. The central command centre is equipped with full analytics and reporting functions, covering every aspect of the building’s performance: building automation, fire safety and security, lighting, and power distribution.

The city of Nottingham received £5 million of the European Union Horizon 2020 Research Funding Programme in 2015 as one of 5 lighthouse cities for the Remourban project, with the aim of addressing significant sustainability issues related to transport, energy, and ICT. And Nottingham has been very creative in achieving its targets.