Case studies relevant for smart solution: Smart parking

The Finnish 6City Strategy focuses on achieving a sustainable urban development, and it is carried out by the six largest cities in Finland: Helsinki, Espoo, Vantaa, Tampere, Turku, and Oulu. The strategy is part of the implementation of Finland’s Structural Fund Programme for Sustainable Growth and Jobs 2014–2020.

Big Smart Istanbul is the project of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality (IMM) and ISBAK to conceptualize and implement their smart city vision. Started in May 2016, the project will start the implementation phase of the roadmap in 2018 within a five-year timeline, but some projects were already launched.

The city of Guadalajara, the capital city of the State of Jalisco, is home to approximately 40% of the information and communication technologies (ICT) industry of Mexico, as a result of pioneering and long term industrial, scientific and technological policies that began in the 1970s.

Cyberjaya is Malaysia’s flagship cybercity promoted in commercial leaflets as “one of the world’s leading smart cities” and as a “test bed” for the integration of ICTs into everyday life. It was created from scratch to be a smart city model for Malaysia. The project to build the city (the Multimedia Super Corridor Project) was launched by the Malaysian Government in 1996 with the goal of advancing the country’s innovation and knowledge-based economy. The cumulative investment in infrastructures and buildings in the city, until the year 2014, was $4.7 (RM17) billions.

Ghent is a Belgian metropolitan city with a surface of 15,643 ha, 60,000 inhabitants in its metropolitan area and 258,119 inhabitants in Ghent itself. People from 161 different nationalities are spread over 25 neighbourhoods sharing their diverse cultural experiences and backgrounds. It is the largest student city in the region of Flanders, with about 75,000 students. Current unemployment rate is at about 9.2%.

Songdo, as part of Incheon Free Economic Zone, is an iconic new smart city of Korea that hosts international business events and attract IT, bio-tech and R&D facilities. Its smart city initiative began in 2008 and is still ongoing with the aim for completion by 2017. The project is largely divided into six sectors including transport, security, disaster, environment and citizen interaction while other services related to home, business, education, health and care are also being developed.

The Living Lab Scheveningen started as an R&D assignment of the Municipality of The Hague to the market. Companies were challenged to build a large-scale infrastructure and network where they could test and develop several business solutions. It is a public-private partnership where the city of The Hague is responsible for the policy-making and for involving the citizens in the process.

The project for Masdar City was launched in 2008 with the aim of developing the most sustainable eco-city in the world. Situated in a strategic location, it is only 20 minutes away from downtown Abu Dhabi, and 40 minutes from Dubai.

The Smart City Lab is a government entity of the municipality of Moscow that was formally created in August 2016 with the main goal of searching for innovations and applying new disruptive technologies that will make the city better.

The city of Hamburg is making parking easier through connected parking areas and an app called “Park and Joy”. T-Systems (part of Deutsche Telekom) is cooperating in the development of this “Find-Book-Park-Pay” system provided by the municipality to inform drivers about the available parking spaces.

PON Metro is the National Operational Programme for Metropolitan Cities in Italy that aims to address in a coordinated way all the territorial and organisational challenges faced in local contexts. There are 14 metropolitan cities involved in this programme: Turin, Genoa, Milan, Bologna, Venice, Florence, Rome, Bari, Naples, Reggio Calabria, Cagliari, Catania, Messina, and Palermo.

The Smart City Challenge was launched by the U. S. Department of Transportation to all mid-population cities, focusing on the issues of future urban transportation (shared, connected, autonomous vehicles), aiming to obtain solutions to address upcoming challenges in a sustainable manner. In the city of San Francisco there will be a three-year demonstration period to complete the challenge and achieve the project’s goals.

Helsinki is one of the cities that is part of the 6City Strategy of Finland (along with the five other largest Finnish cities: Espoo, Vantaa, Tampere, Turku, and Oulu), which focuses on achieving a sustainable urban development based on each city's needs and strengths, finding ways to collaborate in more concrete terms. The strategy is part of the implementation of Finland’s Structural Fund Programme for Sustainable Growth and Jobs 2014–2020.

Tampere is one of the cities that is part of the 6City Strategy of Finland (along with the five other largest Finnish cities: Helsinki, Espoo, Vantaa, Turku, and Oulu), which focuses on achieving a sustainable urban development based on each city's needs and strengths, finding ways to collaborate in more concrete terms. The strategy is part of the implementation of Finland’s Structural Fund Programme for Sustainable Growth and Jobs 2014–2020.

Parking a car is becoming increasingly difficult in city centres all over the world. In the city of Montpellier, a solution developed with Libelium’s “Connected Parking” technology has been implemented by Montpellier Mediterranean Metropolis, a public entity that promotes Internet of Things projects, and the company Synox.

The city of Taipei has a Smart City Project Management Office (PMO) that is responsible for the implementation of smart solutions to address some of the city’s main problems.

Wanxiang is working on the construction of a mega-city called Innova City. It will be built from scratch on the river bank in Hangzhou, capital of the Zhejiang Province, which is adjacent to Shangai. Hangzhou is the upcoming Tier 1 city in China, and it is also the city of choice for a lot of companies to locate their headquarters. Hangzhou, like Shangai, is divided in two parts by the river Qiantang. The old town is located north of the river, and the new town is located south of the river.