Case studies relevant for smart solution: Intelligent traffic management

The Finnish 6City Strategy focuses on achieving a sustainable urban development, and it is carried out by the six largest cities in Finland: Helsinki, Espoo, Vantaa, Tampere, Turku, and Oulu. The strategy is part of the implementation of Finland’s Structural Fund Programme for Sustainable Growth and Jobs 2014–2020.

As part of the Renew Atlanta infrastructure improvement programme, the City of Atlanta has deployed technology developed by the company Applied Information to connect traffic signals, emergency vehicles and school zone safety flashers to the Internet of Things.

Autolib’ is the first full electric and open-access public car sharing service in the city of Paris, inaugurated in 2011 and operated by the Bolloré Group. The concept was developed to complement the city’s bicycle sharing system, Velib’, and further improve sustainable urban mobility solutions.

Bandung Command Centre is the city’s flagship project for achieving its smart city vision. It was launched in January 2015 and consists of a digital monitoring facility that collects street-level data in a variety of sectors (traffic monitoring and accidents, safety issues and emergency response, floods and natural disasters, and crime), with the intent of improving the city’s management and governance.

Big Smart Istanbul is the project of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality (IMM) and ISBAK to conceptualize and implement their smart city vision. Started in May 2016, the project will start the implementation phase of the roadmap in 2018 within a five-year timeline, but some projects were already launched.

City Lab Coventry is a living lab (member of the European Network of Living Labs – ENoLL) that resulted from the joint venture between Coventry University and Coventry City Council.

The city of Guadalajara, the capital city of the State of Jalisco, is home to approximately 40% of the information and communication technologies (ICT) industry of Mexico, as a result of pioneering and long term industrial, scientific and technological policies that began in the 1970s.

Corridor Manchester is an innovation district supported by a strong public-private partnership formed in 2007, with a strategic vision and £2.8 billion to be invested in capital builds, infrastructure, and public realm improvements until 2025. It is located south of Manchester city centre (Oxford Road) and comprises several knowledge-intensive organisations and companies, with more than 70,000 students and 60,000 workers.

In 2009, the Climate Plan for Copenhagen was approved and adopted by the City Council to achieve a 20% reduction in CO2 emissions by 2015 (target already met in 2011) and to state the vision of becoming carbon neutral by 2025. In 2012, the final CPH 2025 Climate Plan was closed with specific guidelines towards carbon neutrality.

Cyberjaya is Malaysia’s flagship cybercity promoted in commercial leaflets as “one of the world’s leading smart cities” and as a “test bed” for the integration of ICTs into everyday life. It was created from scratch to be a smart city model for Malaysia. The project to build the city (the Multimedia Super Corridor Project) was launched by the Malaysian Government in 1996 with the goal of advancing the country’s innovation and knowledge-based economy. The cumulative investment in infrastructures and buildings in the city, until the year 2014, was $4.7 (RM17) billions.

The Technology Strategy Board launched the Future Cities competition in 2013 and Glasgow won a £24 million UK government grant to implement a comprehensive IT infrastructure with the aim of improving the quality of life of its citizens.

Ghent is a Belgian metropolitan city with a surface of 15,643 ha, 60,000 inhabitants in its metropolitan area and 258,119 inhabitants in Ghent itself. People from 161 different nationalities are spread over 25 neighbourhoods sharing their diverse cultural experiences and backgrounds. It is the largest student city in the region of Flanders, with about 75,000 students. Current unemployment rate is at about 9.2%.

GIFT City (Gujarat International Finance Tec-City) is the first International Financial Services Centre in India, located in the city of Gandhinagar, State of Gujarat, covering an area of 15 million square feet (construction is still ongoing, but some of the main buildings are already operational – more than 100 companies were working in the city by the end of 2017).

The City of Aarhus has the ambitious goal of becoming a carbon neutral society by 2030. As Denmark’s second largest city and one of the fastest growing economies of the country, Aarhus has challenged itself to comprehensively address the issue of climate change, relying on its citizens and corporate partners to turn its vision into reality.

In 2017, the City of Graz, Austria, began piloting an innovative clean public mobility system: the e-bus, an electric vehicle that uses capacitors instead of batteries to store energy. The e-buses are running in specific lines that are equipped with two 340 kW AC/DC fast charging stations (one at a terminal and one at an intermediate stop). The city will be testing two models of e-buses: one from Chariot Motors and one from CRRC.

The GrowSmarter “lighthouse” programme was launched in January 2015 and it will be developed until December 2019. GrowSmarter received €25 million funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme. Its approach is focused on demonstrating, disseminating, and replicating innovative integrated urban solutions and a framework to co-create future smart cities through international cooperation.

Anyang, a 600 000 population city near Seoul is developing international recognition on its smart city project that has been implemented incrementally since 2003. This initiative began with the Bus Information System to enhance citizen's convenience at first, and has been expanding its domain into wider Intelligent Transport System as well as crime and disaster prevention in an integrated manner. Anyang is evaluated as a benchmark for smart city with a 2012 Presidential Award in Korea and receives large number of international visits.

Songdo, as part of Incheon Free Economic Zone, is an iconic new smart city of Korea that hosts international business events and attract IT, bio-tech and R&D facilities. Its smart city initiative began in 2008 and is still ongoing with the aim for completion by 2017. The project is largely divided into six sectors including transport, security, disaster, environment and citizen interaction while other services related to home, business, education, health and care are also being developed.

In 2009, the Korean Government started a smart grid demonstration project on Jeju Island, which will serve as a test-bed to assess the viability of the smart grid technology and foster its development in the future. Smart grids are electricity grids that use ICT to connect the power plant to the supply grid and to the households that consume the electricity, achieving a more efficient and reliable power supply, while also effectively dealing with the wind and solar power fluctuations.

The neighbourhood of Comuna 13, located on the periphery of Medellin, is one of the poorest in the city. Crime and gang wars gained the upper hand, and Comuna 13 became known as the most violent neighbourhood in the city of Medellin. For several years, approximately 12.000 dwellers of Comuna 13 used to climb hundreds of steps to get from the city centre to their homes.