Case studies relevant for smart solution: Smart solid waste systems

Big Smart Istanbul is the project of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality (IMM) and ISBAK to conceptualize and implement their smart city vision. Started in May 2016, the project will start the implementation phase of the roadmap in 2018 within a five-year timeline, but some projects were already launched.

Circular Amsterdam is a circular innovation programme that presents a framework of innovation processes in the City of Amsterdam. The goal of this program is to increase knowledge in circular economy and experience the transition from a linear to a circular economy. The whole process is supported by the City Council in terms of control and policy.

The city of Guadalajara, the capital city of the State of Jalisco, is home to approximately 40% of the information and communication technologies (ICT) industry of Mexico, as a result of pioneering and long term industrial, scientific and technological policies that began in the 1970s.

In 2009, the Climate Plan for Copenhagen was approved and adopted by the City Council to achieve a 20% reduction in CO2 emissions by 2015 (target already met in 2011) and to state the vision of becoming carbon neutral by 2025. In 2012, the final CPH 2025 Climate Plan was closed with specific guidelines towards carbon neutrality.

GIFT City (Gujarat International Finance Tec-City) is the first International Financial Services Centre in India, located in the city of Gandhinagar, State of Gujarat, covering an area of 15 million square feet (construction is still ongoing, but some of the main buildings are already operational – more than 100 companies were working in the city by the end of 2017).

The City of Aarhus has the ambitious goal of becoming a carbon neutral society by 2030. As Denmark’s second largest city and one of the fastest growing economies of the country, Aarhus has challenged itself to comprehensively address the issue of climate change, relying on its citizens and corporate partners to turn its vision into reality.

The GrowSmarter “lighthouse” programme was launched in January 2015 and it will be developed until December 2019. GrowSmarter received €25 million funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme. Its approach is focused on demonstrating, disseminating, and replicating innovative integrated urban solutions and a framework to co-create future smart cities through international cooperation.

The project for Masdar City was launched in 2008 with the aim of developing the most sustainable eco-city in the world. Situated in a strategic location, it is only 20 minutes away from downtown Abu Dhabi, and 40 minutes from Dubai.

The city of Maputo faced many health and safety problems related with insufficient and poorly managed waste collection. These issues have been properly addressed with the introduction of MOPA – Monitoria Participativa in 2016. MOPA is a web-based platform for participatory monitoring of the delivery of public urban services, namely waste management issues, in the city of Maputo.

Guimarães City Council, Vitrus Ambiente and Resinorte joined forces and introduced a new smart waste management system in the historic centre of the city. With the launch of the Pay-As-You-Throw (PAYT) system, in 2016, citizens and traders have to pay for the garbage they produce, encouraging the recycling of their solid waste.

The city of Santander is on the road towards becoming a smart city, and one of its most important developments in this field was the implementation of the smart waste management system.

Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown County installed 401 Big Belly Bins for smart waste management. All containers are equipped with a solar power compactor (a solar panel powering a 12V battery that powers an internal waste compactor) and Wi-Fi to send a notification to the waste collection service providers when the waste sensors detect they are full.

The city of Nottingham received £5 million of the European Union Horizon 2020 Research Funding Programme in 2015 as one of 5 lighthouse cities for the Remourban project, with the aim of addressing significant sustainability issues related to transport, energy, and ICT. And Nottingham has been very creative in achieving its targets.

Because the number of citizens living in apartment buildings is increasing each year, the City of Sydney piloted the Smart Green Apartments Programme with 30 buildings between 2011 and 2013, to asses how they can contribute to the Sustainable Sydney 2030 vision. The programme will continue its development during ten years with 20 multi-apartment buildings taking part per year. Each building receives

Helsinki is one of the cities that is part of the 6City Strategy of Finland (along with the five other largest Finnish cities: Espoo, Vantaa, Tampere, Turku, and Oulu), which focuses on achieving a sustainable urban development based on each city's needs and strengths, finding ways to collaborate in more concrete terms. The strategy is part of the implementation of Finland’s Structural Fund Programme for Sustainable Growth and Jobs 2014–2020.

New York City has the world’s largest Department of Sanitation, responsible for the collection of more than 10,500 tonnes of residential and institutional waste and 1,760 tonnes of recyclables every day. Businesses located in the city generate 13,000 tonnes of waste on a daily basis, which is then collected by private companies. This is a huge waste problem, mainly derived from the “throwaway” mindset of the citizens.

Tianjin Eco-City is an eco-city joint project between the Tianjin Eco-City Investment and Development Co., Ltd. (SSTEC) and the Chinese and Singapore governments. The vision of the project is underpinned by three harmonies and three abilities. The harmonies address the social, economy, and environment aspects. The abilities address affordability, replicability and scalability.