Official name
Kingdom of the Netherlands
Western Europe
ISO 3166-1


The Living Lab Scheveningen started as an R&D assignment of the Municipality of The Hague to the market. Companies were challenged to build a large-scale infrastructure and network where they could test and develop several business solutions. It is a public-private partnership where the city of The Hague is responsible for the policy-making and for involving the citizens in the process.

Amsterdam Smart City (ASC) is an innovation platform where an active online and offline community exchanges knowledge for the future quality of living in the city.

Circular Amsterdam is a circular innovation programme that presents a framework of innovation processes in the City of Amsterdam. The goal of this program is to increase knowledge in circular economy and experience the transition from a linear to a circular economy. The whole process is supported by the City Council in terms of control and policy.

The neighbourhood of Ijburg is the youngest district of Amsterdam. Only in the late 90’s the decision was taken to start building this neighbourhood. Ijburg has been developed with houses that are suitable for families, which means that the overall population is very young. Ijburg also has young and modern infrastructures, for instance, dwellers have access to the fastest public fibre optic broadband Internet in the world.

Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands. Its status as the capital is mandated by the Constitution of the Netherlands, although it is not the seat of the government, which is The Hague.

Amsterdam is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Europe, receiving more than 4.63 million international visitors annually, this is excluding the 16 million day trippers visiting the city every year. The number of visitors has been growing steadily over the past decade.