Graz is the capital of Styria and the second-largest city in Austria after Vienna. On 1 January 2018, it had a population of 325,021. In 2015, the population of the Graz larger urban zone who had principal residence status stood at 633,168.
Graz has a long tradition as seat of universities: its six universities have more than 44,000 students. Its historic centre is one of the best-preserved city centres in Central Europe.
Graz is the economic centre of Styria, containing 40% of its jobs. About 60,000 commuters travel to work in Graz every day. The most important industrial branches include mechanical engineering, environmental technology, steel-girder construction, transport related production, electrical engineering and electronics.
Graz is a main transport junction in southeast Austria. There are road connections with its hinterland, other Austrian cities and the neighbouring countries of northern Italy and southern Germany.